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Network planning and design is an iterative process, encompassing topological design, network-synthesis, and network-realization, and is aimed at ensuring that a new telecommunications network or service meets the needs of the subscriber and operator. The process can be tailored according to each new network or service.

Recolitus network planning methodology

A traditional network planning methodology involves five layers of planning, namely:


business planning


long-term and medium-term network planning


short-term network planning


IT asset sourcing


operations and maintenance.

ach of these layers incorporates plans for different time horizons, i.e. the business planning layer determines the planning that the operator must perform to ensure that the network will perform as required for its intended life-span. The Operations and Maintenance layer, however, examines how the network will run on a day-to-day basis.

The network planning process begins with the acquisition of external information. This includes: 


forecasts of how the new network/service will operate;

the economic information concerning costs; and


the technical details of the network’s capabilities.

lanning a new network/service involves implementing the new system across the first four layers of the OSI Reference Model. Choices must be made for the protocols and transmission technologies.

Network planning process involves three main steps:


Topological design: This stage involves determining where to place the components and how to connect them. The (topological) optimisation methods that can be used in this stage come from an area of mathematics called Graph Theory. These methods involve determining the costs of transmission and the cost of switching, and thereby determining the optimum connection matrix and location of switches and concentrators.


Network-synthesis: This stage involves determining the size of the components used, subject to performance criteria such as the Grade of Service (GoS). The method used is known as "Nonlinear Optimisation", and involves determining the topology, required GoS, cost of transmission, etc., and using this information to calculate a routing plan, and the size of the components.


Network realization: This stage involves determining how to meet capacity requirements, and ensure reliability within the network. The method used is known as "Multicommodity Flow Optimisation", and involves determining all information relating to demand, costs and reliability, and then using this information to calculate an actual physical circuit plan.

These steps are performed iteratively in parallel with one another.

Network Design considerations for computer networks cover a wide range of topics including layout, capacity planning, and security

One way to categorize the different types of computer network designs is by their scope or scale. For historical reasons, the networking industry refers to nearly every type of design as some kind of area network. Common examples of area network types are LAN, WAN, WLAN, SAN and VLAN.

(LAN) - A Local Area Network supplies connectivity to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building, a school or a home.

(WAN) - A wide area network spans a large geographic area, such as a state or country.

(WLAN) - Wireless Local Area Network's provide wireless network communication over short distances using radio or infrared signals instead of traditional network cabling.

(SAN) - Storage Area Network is a type of local area network (LAN) designed to handle large data transfers (particularly for backup and restore operations).

(VLAN) - In computer networking, a single layer-2 network may be partitioned to create multiple distinct broadcast domains, which are mutually isolated so that packets can only pass between them via one or more routers; such a domain is referred to as a virtual local area network, virtual LAN or VLAN.
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